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Wrongful Death | Teen Car Wreck Fatalities Are On the Rise

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Teens are three times more likely to be involved in a fatal car wreck than other adult drivers.  The CBS Evening National News this week devoted a portion of its nightly national coverage to a report on the alarming statistic showing that fatalities among teen drivers increased significantly in 2012.  This article is devoted to summarizing that CBS report and the referenced studies.


Teen-Texting-and-Driving.350.jpgFatal motor vehicle accidents are the number one killer for U.S. teens, according to new data from the Center for Disease Control and Prevention.  “Teens have the highest crash rate of any group in the United States.” [i]  Seven teens between the ages of 16 to 19 years old die every day in a fatal car crash. [ii] This and other findings are the results of a study conducted in conjunction with Erie Insurance and Institute for Highway Safety which analyzed data from the U.S. Department of Transportation to sift through car wreck statistics.[iii]  If the actual numbers are not alarming standing alone, this study found that teens are three times more likely to be involved in a fatal car crash than their adult driver counterparts. Id. 


Why?  There are a number of contributing factors.  First, "teens are the least likely to use a seatbelt out of any age group, according to Erie Insurance, and not wearing a belt was found to be the main cause of teen car crash deaths." Id.  Second, distractions are a major factor contributing to teen deaths. The study found that using a cell phone, eating, or any other distractions, increase the likelihood of an accident. Id.  Third, driving with other young passengers in the car created a unique and verifiable increased risk.  Specifically, AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety found that compared to driving with no passengers, a 16 or 17 year old driver’s risk of death per mile driven:


  • Increased 44% when carrying one passenger younger than 21;
  • Doubles when carrying two passengers younger than 21; and
  • Quadruples when carrying three or more passengers younger than 21.

Note:  statistics based on having no older passengers.  For their complete summary, click on Teen Driver Risk in Relation to Age and Number of Passengers.


If these statistics are not sobering enough, the CBS news report cited through its WUSA affiliate that AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety’s study also found “1 out of every 7 drivers aged 16 to 24 admit to falling asleep at least once while driving last year.” [iv]" This is especially critical because “research shows that fatigue impairs safe driving, with many symptoms causing drivers to behave in ways similar to those who are intoxicated" according to AAA President & CEO Robert Darbelnet.[v]  Similarly, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention found that for teenagers, at all levels of blood alcohol concentration (BAC), the risk of being involved in a car wreck was greater for teens than older drivers.  22% of drivers aged 15 to 20 that were in a fatal crash had been drinking.[vi]  In a 2011 survey, 24% of teens admitted to have ridden with another teenager who had been drinking, and 8% admitted to have driven after drinking within the month the survey was conducted. Id.  And finally, although texting when driving for any age driver is a major distraction, as it relates to teenage drivers, more than half of high school seniors (58%) and almost that many high school juniors (43%) admit that they text or email while driving.[vii]


Car-Wreck.350.jpgAlthough Georgia is not the most deadly state according to these statistics, it does rank 23rd in being the most deadly state with 17.9 teen aged drivers killed per 100,000 drivers; that’s 59% over the national death rate when compared to adult drivers. The study found that the deadliest months for Georgia were March and June, and the deadliest day was Sunday.[viii]


What can be done to improve the odds for young drivers?  In Georgia, there is legislation aimed at increasing safety among teen drivers in The Teenage and Adult Driver Responsibility Act (TADRA), which is a graduated driver licensing procedure for Georgia teens between the ages of 15 and 18.  It incorporates Joshua's Law which requires that any 16 year-old driver who wishes to obtain a Class D Intermediate license complete a driver education course approved by the Georgia Department of Driver Services and complete an overall total of at least forty hours of other supervised driving experience with a licensed parent or guardian, including at least six hours of driving at night.


Georgia has other laws to increase safety standards.  For instance, O.C.G.A. § 40-6-391 is Georgia’s DUI statute that prohibits a BAC of .08 or more, but for those under age 21, that level is just .02%.  Also, while O.C.G.A. § 40-6-241 requires all motorists to exercise “due care,” it alone does not totally prohibit cell phone use.  However, Georgia recently enacted O.C.G.A. § 40-6-241.1 which does prohibit a driver who has a learner's permit or a Class D license and is under the age of 18 from using a cell phone in any way while operating a motor vehicle, except in cases of emergency.  By comparison, older drivers are now prohibited from “writing, sending, or reading any text based communication while operating a motor vehicle.”  O.C.G.A. § 40-6-241.2.


With all the ‘bad’ statistics reported in the referenced studies, AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety did find that as it relates to having other persons in the car with the teen aged driver, a 16 or 17 year old driver’s risk of death per mile decreased by 62% when a passenger aged 35 or older was in the vehicle![ix]


Good driver training for young drivers is a must.  Also, educating teenage drivers on special laws that exist to better ensure their safety and making them aware of other risks factors can increase the odds your young driver makes it home safely.

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References:

  1. http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-201_162-57571341/teen-driving-deaths-spiked-in-early-2012-officials-say/
  2. http://www.cdc.gov/MotorVehicleSafety/Teen_Drivers/teendrivers_factsheet.html
  3. http://www.iihs.org/research/fatality.aspx?topicName=teenagers&year=2008
  4. http://auto.erieinsurance.com/Teenage-driving-safety.aspx
  5. https://www.aaafoundation.org/teen-drivers
  6. https://www.aaafoundation.org/content/teen-driver-risk-relation-age-and-number-passengers-0
  7. http://www.dds.ga.gov/FormsandManuals/index.aspx
  8. http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-201_162-57552638/study-more-young-drivers-falling-asleep-behind-wheel/
  9. http://washington.cbslocal.com/2012/11/20/aaa-more-young-drivers-falling-asleep-at-the-wheel/

End Notes:

[i] https://www.aaafoundation.org/sites/default/files/2012TeenDriverRiskAgePassengersFS.pdf

[ii] http://www.cdc.gov/MotorVehicleSafety/Teen_Drivers/teendrivers_factsheet.html

[iii] http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-201_162-57571341/teen-driving-deaths-spiked-in-early-2012-officials-say/

[iv] http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-201_162-57552638/study-more-young-drivers-falling-asleep-behind-wheel/; http://washington.cbslocal.com/2012/11/20/aaa-more-young-drivers-falling-asleep-at-the-wheel/

[v] http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-201_162-57552638/study-more-young-drivers-falling-asleep-behind-wheel/; http://newsroom.aaa.com/2012/11/young-drivers-admit-to-nodding-off-behind-the-wheel/

[vi] http://www.cdc.gov/MotorVehicleSafety/Teen_Drivers/teendrivers_factsheet.html

[vii] http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-504763_162-57449111-10391704/cdc-majority-of-older-teens-text-while-driving/

[viii] http://www.erieinsurance.com/jointheshift/teen-driving-statistics-infographic.htm

[ix] https://www.aaafoundation.org/sites/default/files/2012TeenDriverRiskAgePassengersFS.pdf

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Sam has a long history of local ties to middle Georgia. He was born and reared in Marshallville, Macon County, Georgia, in a family associated with theorigin of today’s Peach industry. Sam earned his B.S. degree in Ocean Engineering at the United States Naval Academy and was commissioned in the U.S. Navy in 1993. After completing the Navy’s nuclear power training program, he served aboard a fast attack nuclear submarine as a naval Submarine Warfare Officer and was certified by the Naval Reactors Division of the U.S. Department of Energy as a Nuclear Engineer. In the Navy, Sam maintained a Top Secret – SCI security clearance and circumnavigated theworld during his tour of duty, successfully completing missions vital to U.S. national security, before beginning his legal career in 2002. Sam holds his Juris Doctor from theNorman Adrian Wiggins School of Lawat Campbell University in Raleigh, North Carolina. Sam’s practice is now devoted to representing the rights of the injured, the families of deceased victims, and a select number of other clients in litigation. He has repeatedly served as lead counsel in jury trials resulting in six and seven figure verdicts, numerous bench trials, hearings, and motions. He has been recognized as one of the top young lawyers in Georgia and named a Georgia Rising Star by Atlanta Magazine and the Super Lawyers™ publication in 2009 and 2010 (only 2.5% of the total lawyers in Georgia are listed as a Rising Star). Sam has also received the "AV" Preeminant Rating by Martindale Hubble, the highest attorney rating for demonstrated skill, professionalism and ethics. Sam is married and has three children. He is one of the founding members of the practice.

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Guest Wednesday, 26 November 2014